Article review — Fortune favors the bold (and the italicized): Effects of disfluency on educational outcomes (Diemand-Yauman, C., Oppenheimer, M. & Vaughan, E., 2010).

Full reference
Diemand-Yauman, C., Oppenheimer, M. & Vaughan, E. (2010). Fortune favours the bold (and the italicized): Effects of disfluency on educational outcomes. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Experiment 1 in one sentence
Participants remembered more items from a list set in “bad” fonts compared to “good” fonts.

 

Experiment 2 in one sentence
Participants remembered more items from a list set in “bad” fonts compared to “good” fonts.

 

Authour(s)
Diemand-Yauman, C., Oppenheimer, M. & Vaughan, E.

 

Year
2010

 

Title
Fortune favors the bold (and the italicized): Effects of disfluency on educational outcomes

 

Journal
Cognition
EXPERIMENT 1

 

In one sentence
Participants remembered more items from a list set in “bad” fonts compared to “good” fonts.

 

What fonts did they use?
Comic Sans
Bodoni MT
Arial

 

What did they change?
Font
Size
Colour

 

What did they measure?
Memory

 

Who did they test?
28 Princeton University students from the subject pool.
Age, gender, mean, and standard deviation not reported.

How were they compensated?
$12 USD.
Experimental design
Between subjects. This means each group of participants was only saw one font.

 

Why did they do this?
To investigate the effects of changing font, size, and colour on memory.

 

What did they do?
Participants read a list about 21 alien features for 90 seconds. In the disfluent (“hard” to read) condition, text was set in 12 point Comic Sans, 60% grey, and another in 12 point Bodoni MT, 60% grey. In the fluent (“easy” to read) condition text was set in 16 point Arial, black. Following this, they were distracted with an unrelated task for 15 minutes. The nature of this task is not reported. Following the unrelated task, seven features from the previously displayed list of 21 were randomly selected, and participants were asked questions about those features.

 

What did they find?

XXX

 

What does this mean?

XXX

 

General observations:

XXX

 

 

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